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The first 11 days of a worker bee’s life: egg and larva

A queen bee indulges in many strange behaviors, not the least of which is choosing the sex of her offspring. Of course, this surreal proclivity is shared through­out the Hymenoptera, a fact that doesn’t make it any less mysterious. But even more perplexing than the deciding is the implementing. How does the queen fulfill her […] Read more

Monoculture diets and honey bee health

As I mentioned in an earlier post, pollen is virtually the only source a colony has for protein, lipids, vitamins, and minerals. Colonies that pollinate large monocultures—such as almonds—have a severe lack of variability in their diets. Just as one fruit or vegetable doesn’t satisfy all your nutritional needs, one type of pollen is not […] Read more